In Malcom Gladwell’s “David and Goliath”, the author tries to explain how the supposed take of “the underdog” is wrongly analyzed. While it’s seen as a tale overcoming impossible odds, David in many ways had an advantage.
Goliath might have suffered from acromegaly, the overproduction of the human growth hormone, which might explain his six foot nine inches height but also his possible poor sight. When challenging the Israelites, Goliath is being accompanied by a servant holding up a shield. While such servants were common for projectile warriors, they were rare for combat warriors. This, the servant might have been there as Goliath wouldn’t have known how to shield himself due to his poor vision. As David is coming down the hill with no armor, Goliath seems not to see him clearly, as he seems to make no mention of the lack of armor as he tells David to come next to him, possibly to see him clearly. When David finally comes down the hill holding a stick, Goliath seems insulted and says that he’s s opponent is treating him like a dog with sticks. But instead of sticks, David only had one, so Goliath could have possibly thought there were several of them due to his poor eyesight.
As for David, while legend regards him as a mere Shepardboy, he was in fact also a warrior.He was a projectile warrior, a slinger to be more precise. His abilities with a slingshot were akin to that of a pistol holder. He could arguably sling a stone towards an opponent 35 feet away in a second, giving Goliath no time to respond. In these times, different types of warriors cancelled each other out, like rock,paper, scissors. Cavalry solders beat out projectile soliders while projectile soliders usually defeated ground soliders. This David, a projectile fighter had be advantage over Goliath, a ground solider.
In many ancient tales, the true meaning of the story is often misinterpreted or missed to simplify it to a wider audience. The story of “David and Goliath” is simply stated as a tale of a person defeating someone who was physically superior to him, while failing to acknowledge that strength comes in many different ways. David used his speed to overcome Goliath’s brute strength.
We are in an era where physically strength is of low importance. People who go to the gym usually go just as a personal goal to get fit and or impress other people. That form of strength is no longer needed in life or death situations. Now intellectual skills like how good you are are in a computer are generally more important in terms of success. And it seems that in the realm of intelligence, David clearly beat Goliath in that department as well.